How 40 years of pseudoscience and digital tomfoolery deftly morphed an imaginative 14th century modelling of Joseph of Arimathea’s up-and-over ‘fine linen’ sheet (probably intended only for dignified ‘body bag’ transport from cross to tomb) into a dual-purpose ‘burial shroud’. Why? Because it allowed a ‘faked’ semi-credible imprint in sweat and blood to be reborn and trumpeted as a supposedly enigmatic ‘selfie’ snapshot captured supernaturally (natch) via ‘resurrectional incandescence’ TWO DAYS later!

Site banner: see how a simulated sweat imprint (my wet hand pressed down onto dark fabric) responds magnificently to 3D-rendering computer software (ImageJ) before and after tone-reversal (negative back to positive image). Remind you of anything? Like those supposedly “unique”  and “encoded” 3D-properties of the Shroud of Turin body image? For a more realistic aged/yellowed sweat imprint, see the many postings on this site since 2014 obtained with the aid of my Model 10 (imprinting off  parts, notably head and hands, of a real body (mine!) onto linen with white wheaten flour, followed by heat-development of the image to generate carbon-based and thus bleachable straw-coloured melanoidins via Maillard reactions between wheat proteins and reducing sugars).

Bad Friday (Jan 12, 2018):   Expect new blogsite title shortly: “Is the Shroud of Turin really a supernatural selfie?”

Expect too a new tagline:  Nope, not unless you’re a polemics-driven so-called researcher, or maybe just a born-again TV documentary maker!

Expect the first of 40 instalments later today,  which hopefully will make for fairly easy reading for the most part,  the remaining 39 to follow in leisurely additions over a 2 or 3 week period… When complete it will, optimistically speaking,  add up to a reasonable summary of this retired science bod’s six years of Shroud research (no less)  and hands-on modelling, leading finally to my Model 10 ( That’s – take a deep breath –  Stage 1 frontal/dorsal imprinting – sans those otherwise problematical vertical sides naturally – from real human subject(s) using white wheaten flour or similar as imprinting medium onto wetted linen, then followed by Stage 2 thermal image development, then final Stage 3  rinse with soap/water to dislodge encrusted material.

That leaves behind the faint, fuzzy,  arguably Shroud-like image.  Chemical composition? Probably, though still to be proved conclusively,  complex high molecular-weight melanoidins,  being products of sugar caramelization, or, more likely,  protein/sugar Maillard browning reactions.  (Hat tip to STURP’s Raymond N. Rogers, even if  some, myself included, find his proposed starch impurity/body-decay mechanism  somewhat hard to swallow). 

 Yipee! My hypothesized supposedly ‘enigmatic’  melanoidin-constituted  Shroud-like image chromophore  now has some crucial supporting chemical evidence, albeit circumstantial for the time being (see posting immediately preceding this one).

But there’s much background material needing to be included too – the Shroud being a hugely challenging multi-disciplinary topic of interest.  Thus the inordinate length, when complete, of this posting-to-be  (and title too, I grant you, but there’s a reason: Google, for reasons best known to itself,  never quotes from my current postings’ title, no matter how concise and/or carefully worded, so the title can, says he with a resigned sigh of despair, be made to earn its keep by serving as an upfront summary too).

It’s now the gloomy afternoon (UK time) of ‘Bad Friday’.

Before launching into this gently biting tirade against pro-authenticity Shroud so-called researchers, for whom the movable goalpost provides a fitting visual metaphor of their defensive strategy …

sindonological goalpost

… there’s something else which is more important, more constructive that I need to flag up straightaway,  still preoccupied as I am with a certain fixed immobile goalpost, so to speak – namely the precise chemical nature of the  TS body image chromophore, still unidentified some 40 years post-STURP!

How can the Shroud image be tested chemically in a manner that is minimally destructive, i.e. requiring a microscope and just a few linen fibres only, such that the ‘chromophore’ (i.e. molecular grouping responsible for image colour) can be shown to be organic, i.e. carbon-based (in order to distinguish from Walter McCrone’s * widely published claim that it’s merely inorganic paint pigment) AND, moreover,  to show that some, maybe all the red “blood” is similarly organic in nature, and not entirely ‘fake’  inorganic blood, e.g. one or other scarlet medieval paint pigments like cinnabar etc etc?

*Walter McCrone passed away some years ago, but his surviving research institute continues to actively promote his fatally flawed ‘just a painting’ claim..

Yes, I truly believe there’s an Agent X that can be used to ‘kill two birds with one stone’, one that has never, to the best of my knowledge been suggested previously, either by myself or anyone else.

It may take a few weeks, maybe longer, to lay my hands on a supplier of Agent X, but when I do,  I confidently predict that it will bleach the colour of (a) my Model 10 flour imprints (b) whole blood or blood haemoglobin  (c) Shroud image fibres – completely  (d) Shroud blood stains (partially or completely, probably partially).

Anyone care to guess the name and chemical formula of Agent X?  (Clue, chemical formulae don’t come much simpler!).

If correct, he or she will receive from me a free book token.

National-Book-Token-1985-015

Please use the Comments on this posting to deliver your answer!  Use a pseudonym if you wish, but a postal address will need to be supplied by email if correct. Caveat: no correspondence can be entered into!

Expect Instalment 2  of 40 next Monday at the latest. It will summarise my fierce objection to the  TS being described as a “burial” shroud, for reasons that will be made crystal clear.

2nd of 40 instalments (Saturday 13 Jan)

In composing my position on terminology, in particular the huge liberty taken over the centuries with the description of the TS as a “burial shroud”, or simply “Shroud of Turin”, I’ve come to realize that new terminology is needed. To assist in focusing minds, let’s not beat about the bush.  Here’s what I consider the revised terminology could and arguably SHOULD be.

The Dual-Image Man of Turin

Yes, one should simply focus on the presence of an historically unique double-body image per se, alluding to its ventral-v-dorsal aspects on that up-and-over single sheet of linen, NOT on the support medium, NOT on its presumed function – which presupposes authenticity not confirmed by the C-14 dating, NOT to current ideas as to how it was or might have been formed, or when.

The Shroud of Turin.  No, I repeat: The Dual-Image Man of Turin!

 

National-Book-Token-1985-015

Alternative suggestions invited: another book token to anyone whom I judge to outclass my own!

The successful recipient of the Book Token 2 will need to elicit a “Heck, why didn’t I think of that?” response on the part of yours truly …

Instalment 3: Sunday Jan 14

Woke up this morning to find over 40 visits to this site from somewhere in the US of A. Am glad to find someone’s interested in what I have to say so soon after posting, even if Google is slow to pick up on the fact!

Today’s instalment is really no more than a housekeeping detail, but I thought I’d throw in another little challenge (sorry, no book token prize this time).

Why did I describe McCrone’s ‘just a painting’ dismissal of the TS as having a fatal flaw? The answer can be found in this pdf from STURP’s Adler and Heller, both now sadly passed on.  Here’s a screen shot of the relevant passage with some brilliant chemical detective work performed on minute  sticky-tape fibres from the real Shroud (but also some self-contradictory and indeed faulty chemical logic):

hydrazinev diimide v alkaline peroxide image fibres

Q.1: Why does the above destroy McCrone’s claim that the  yellow/brown Shroud image chromophore is inorganic in nature (suggestive of artist’s paint pigment)

Q.2: Where is there a serious chemical error in the above passage?

Q.3: What do you think I saw last week when I tested alkaline peroxide on my yellow/brown Model 10 heat-treated flour imprints (as yet unreported on this site, being a late follow up to the ‘chemical’ posting immediately preceding this one,  my having only discovered  a few days ago the above pdf with its  important – and hugely important  – positive bleach test using alkaline hydrogen peroxide  which Heller for some reason omitted to mention in his 1983 book).

 

Yup, science, correction, the scientific method (serial testing and objective evaluation of hypotheses) can only work if there’s a periodic clear-out of those that have outlived any usefulness they may have had originally and which no longer earn their keep as regards generating new data or new improved hypotheses.

Put another way, there has to be a ruthless clearing out of dead wood, not worrying too much about who gets hurt, or just ever so slightly miffed, in the process. That, if the truth be told, is what this posting (No 351 since I started to investigate the TS  6 years ago) is basically about – clearing out old wood. Top of the list has to be that dud oh-so-mistaken “just a painting” hunch-cum-persistent hangup, the one that so preoccupied the STURP team in 1978, the one that allowed Ray Rogers’ precious sticky-tape samples to be monopolized in their entirety (!) by a particle-obsessed microscopist for the best part of a whole year (!) before others, notably Adler, Heller, apparently Rogers himself, were allowed access to his compromised castoffs  (! Yes, see Heller’s book to sample contamination) with which to perform a wider range of tests, discriminating chemical spot tests especially).

Meanwhile the McCrone Institute continues to this day to maintain its revered founder’s absurd ‘just a painting’ fixation, in spite of the chemical evidence (and much besides) notably from Adler and Heller, showing in simple fashion that it simply can’t be true, as shown in the cut-and-paste pdf above.

As I say, it really is time to clear out the dead wood , if only to assist with self-renewal (something at which the world of so-called sindonological research has shown itself to be spectacularly bad at doing – see last year’s Pasco proceedings  if proof were needed ).

Being the New Year, now seems the right time to ring out the old, as an essential housekeeping preliminary to ringing in the new…

ring out the old

Er, did you know that Alfred Tennyson had added that last line? I didn’t, not until 5 minutes ago, looking for another image with which to brighten up this posting!

How appropriate! How very, very appropriate!

 

Instalment 4: Monday Jan 15

Time now for some plain speaking on what I regard as at best misinformation and, in all too many instances,  probably calculated disinformation. I refer to the routine description of the TS as a burial shroud, even if qualified by additional words, like

“… considered by many to be the actual burial shroud of the crucified Jesus etc etc… ”

Read the Gospels, the first 3 synoptic ones especially, and it’s quite clear that Joseph of Arimathea’s “fine” or “clean linen” was a pre-burial shroud, used to receive the crucified body from the cross. While those three mutually corroborating versions do not tell us the fate of J of A’s linen after arrival at the tomb, the version of events in John provide no grounds for assuming that the single linen sheet used to transport a corpse in dignity from cross to tomb was the same as the more specialized linen “clothes” referred to later, left behind post-disappearance of the body with a separate face cloth. (No, I personally don’t buy into that contrived narrative that speaks of the face being covered with cloth while still on the cross with that fabric later placed in the tomb  (having served its  somewhat questionable original purpose) on account of its ‘bodily’ origin, i.e. conserving the life blood, sindonology being burst to overflowing with that kind of  qualifying assumption).

Why you may ask is it so important to distinguish between a burial and pre-burial shroud? Under normal circumstances, if merely concerned with reconstructing the crucifixion narrative so as to arrive at a single coherent version, it wouldn’t. But that’s not the case. We are not talking about a mere sheet of linen, conjured up by Joseph of Arimathea either for single use (pre-burial transport shroud only) or dual use (that plus final burial shroud). We are talking about linen that bears an image, allegedly of the crucified Jesus, one that we’re told defies scientific explanation and can only be supposed to be supernatural in origin, notable a resurrection ‘snapshot’, for which there is no mention whatsoever in the bible anywhere, either by prophecy (Old Testament) or actual eye witness accounts, whether first or second hand.

What is intolerable, totally intolerable is the use of a distorted biblical account, emphasizing “burial”, with a persistent blindspot for pre-burial, being used to promote a particular supernatural version of  image capture. How? By telescoping the time scale as to make it seem that the image could only have been acquired  on the ‘third day’ which is then used in image-assisted positive feedback fashion to promote that same final supernatural version of events occurring within the tomb. (That is not to say it didn’t, but its credibility should be based either on the facts or faith alone, not on devious shifting of time scales to promote one version over another). What we are talking about is the need for intellectual honesty, as distinct from what can only be described as spin-doctoring via misleading use of language and terminology.

What is totally shoved out of the picture with that routine “burial” tag attached to “shroud” is an entirely different narrative, one based on  the prime purpose of Joseph of Arimathea’s linen, one in which image-capture might then have occurred at least theoretically (whether historically or – more probably- in the eyes of medieval modellers with an eye to pilgrims and profit) BEFORE the body had even arrived at the tomb, i.e. via contact-imprinting, not just of blood but of another body fluid, one that could (conceptually at any rate) leave a surviving faint yellowish image  still visible (just) centuries later. I refer to bodily perspiration, aka sweat.

Ah yes, sweat. That’s a term one encounters but rarely in the modern day sindonological literature that discusses ‘likely’ mechanisms of image capture, which is no mere accident or oversight I suggest.  Indeed, come to think of it, it’s somewhat rare even to see mentions of Joseph of Arimathea, suggesting that the narrative-eliminating  airbrush ( designed to remove PIT-VIBB from the picture, i.e. Pre-Interment-Transport- Via-Improvised ‘Body Bag’)  has over recent decades played an even bigger role in the  narrative-rehashing, spin-doctoring process. None of us is allowed to suppose that anything other than a burst of supernatural radiation from a temporarily-deceased body could possibly account for the ‘enigmatic’ TS body image (that 20th/21st century gift from modern ‘science’  benefiting from sustained media blitz).  E.g:

independent-shroud-dec-2011

Note the reference to burial cloth! No mention of Joseph of Arimathea, or the immediate use to which the linen cloth was put prior to burial, i.e. for transporting a newly deceased body,  notionally covered with still moist blood and sweat to a nearby tomb, one capable of leaving an imprint via non-supernatural means, even if not reproducible we’re told by those alleged ‘scientists’ in 2011!

 

Was it always thus? Did early observers of the Shroud, writing centuries ago, also display a blindspot for human sweat, and with it the assumption, whether articulated or not, for a body-imprinting process that could at least, theoretically speaking, have occurred in transit from cross to tomb, essentially pre-empting any  explanation for the image acquired later, post-interment, via supernatural means. Answer: NO! Sweat WAS once mentioned in connection with the body image! See the two instances cited in a recent posting on this site, one early 16th century, one early 17th, both deploying that now seemingly embargoed  s word.

Why should a feat of human artisan skill (two if one includes the genius of age-old linen manufacture from what at first sight might seem an unpromising source –  green vegetation) be airbrushed out by those determined to bulldoze through via so-called ‘scientific argument’  what is essentially religious agenda? Science and religion are best kept in separate compartments – which does not prevent a free and frank exchange of views (as distinct from one attempting a  surreptitious take-over bid for the other).

Repeat of earlier message: drop the term “burial shroud”. Better still, while awaiting a repeat of the radiocarbon dating on more central (though still image/blood-free) areas of the cloth, drop the term “shroud” as well. Refer to it, as suggested above, as the non-credulity-straining Dual-Image Man of Turin.

Instalment 5  tomorrow

It will ask what possible objection there can be in principle to imprinting-by-contact.

flour-selfi-may-2015-sciencebuzz-pre-v-post-editing

Model 9  contact-imprint of my own face, obtained using flour-water slurry, and pressed down onto linen with a thick underlay of more fabric, either pre- (left) versus or post- (right) light photoediting

The above image of my own face, obtained by flour-water slurry imprinting alone (no further image development whatsoever), and posted to my sciencebuzz site –   as long ago as mid-2015 will be given as evidence of much previous misinformation (which continues to this day)  especially where the supposedly ‘impossible’ face with its angular nose is concerned.

Instalment 5, Tuesday Jan 16

Today’s offering is still focused on that spin-doctor’s description of  the dual-image Man of Turin as a “burial shroud”, despite the biblical description of  the ‘fine linen’ having been supplied direct to the cross in the first instance, NOT tomb,  by Joseph of Arimathea.

Let’s start by flagging up a strangely neglected aspect of the ‘Shroud’ fabric  (that term ‘shroud’ being acceptable to this investigator provided it’s stripped of the hugely misleading ‘burial’ tag), namely its remarkable state of preservation, even for one a mere 600-700 years old, far less the claimed two millennia!  Yes, here below in red font is my ‘text for the day’ , the launch point for today’s instalment. It’s been culled from an internet site  (English not first language but admirably summarised), one that is packed with useful information on the physical, chemical  AND biological properties of retted flax fibre, more commonly known as  “linen”:

“Effect of Micro Organism: Linen fiber is attacked by fungi and bacteria. Mildews will feed on linen fabric, rotting and weakling  (sic) the materials. Mildews and bacteria will flourish on linen under hot and humid condition. They can be protected by impregnation with certain types of chemicals.”

mildewed fabric

Here’s what mildew can do to linen (folded top sheet).  Given ‘ideal’ storage conditions, i.e. warm and damp,  brief exposure to spore-laden air, what you see above can occur in  years, possibly months (not needing decades, far less millennia). So why one might ask is the ‘Shroud’ linen not like this?

Compare that with what Dr. Kittle Little had to say some 20 years ago on the subject of the ‘Shroud’ and its state of preservation:

“The description given by the STURP team of the linen of the Shroud was that it was in remarkably good condition – ” … it was supple, strong and felt almost like a new expensive tablecloth “.

and later, more specifically:

… although the Shroud was reported to be covered with mildew spores there were no mildew reactions, so that the fabric was unharmed.

 

How can that be? According to the ‘resurrectional incandescence’  school of sindonology, from which so much was heard at last year’s Pasco conference, the microbiologically-vulnerable linen must have enclosed a crucified corpse from late on the (Good) Friday to some time the following (Easter) Sunday.   Even STURP’s Raymond N. Rogers considered that sufficiently long for an image to be created via non-supernatural means from gaseous products of putrefaction. Yet that allegedly same linen, now some 2000 years later,  still looks, we’re told,  almost as good as new, with no obvious signs, at least to the unaided eye, of mildew or any other biological contaminants.

Er, some sceptical or other uncharitable souls might think that the mildew-free nature of the ‘Shroud’ linen is the first ‘enigma’ that sindonologists,  at least those fixated with the notion of radiation-mediated resurrectional image-capture on the ‘Third-Day’,  should first address. Oh, and the absence of  any detectable traces of biblical spices, ointments etc etc.  Yes, near-pristine linen, apart from those burns holes.

Which leads us on to another source, nay crucial input of heat,  extreme bug-destroying heat, admittedly lacking firm evidence at the present time, one that might account for the remarkable state of preservation … Forget the 1532 burns for now. Focus on those mysterious pre-1532 so-called L-shaped poker holes, portrayed by an artist on that 1516  so-called Lier copy of the ‘Shroud’. Might they provide a clue? How were those ‘poker holes’ acquired?  Were they really poker holes or something else? Might they provide a clue to the astonishing state of  Shroud preservation. Indeed, might they provide a clue as the manner in which the Shroud image was acquired, not in the 1st century CE, whether by natural or supernatural means, but in the mid-14th century, at the hands of a dedicated team of artisans, probably under direction from a celebrated knights’ somewhat over-generously staffed and endowed private chapel tucked away in a remote part of the French countryside, rolling Champagne country to be precise, he being ‘strapped for funds’ and looking for a new and hopefully lucrative source of income?

Instalment 6: Wed January 17

Five points that strongly suggest(ed) a role for extreme heat in genesis of the TS body image:

1. As discussed yesterday, one starts by citing the truly amazing resistance of the linen over the centuries to mildew, other fungal microbes and bacteria. Why?  Original microbial spores killed off in initial heat-aided imprinting of the image (see my Model 10)  with concomitant loss of volatile nitrogenous and other nutrients that deplete the roasted linen of nutrients for newly arriving spores. A final wash with soap and water (if deployed as in my Model 10) to leave that final faint, ghostly image probably assisted too in removing essential trace nutrients.

2. That golden ‘toasted’ look of image fibres one sees in the Mark Evans photomicrographs, with uneven distribution of colour (forget the so-called “half-tone effect”, which simply does not stand up to close scrutiny ) is suggestive of there having been some kind of additional imprint medium (more easily browned by heat than the linen’s own intrinsic cellulose) AND application of heat needed to develop optimal image colour in  (or migrating from!) the added coating.

mark evans dense image foot ME 16

Fibres within my added yellow rectangle hardly support the so-called half-tone effect (claiming that all image fibres are equally coloured)

3. Brittleness, i.e. mechanical fragility of TS image fibres (thus making them easy to harvest on Rogers’ sticky tape) suggestive of there having been  some kind of substantial damage to their mechanical integrity, maybe affecting the inner core of fibres, even if not easily visible under the microscope.

.
4. TS body image unaffected by the additional heat experienced in the 1532 fire, as pointed out by STURP’s keen-eyed Raymond Rogers,  suggesting  (in my view) that plain old heat played a role in initial formation.

.
5. Colour and spectral characteristics of the TS image fibres are said to be virtually identical with that of the scorch marks at margins of the 1532 burn holes (Gilbert and Gilbert, 1982), suggesting TS image is probably also some kind of ‘scorch’ (while no longer considered by this investigator to be a direct single-step, immediate-contact  scorch from a hot metal template as proposed in Model 2).

More to come Friday (Instalment 7 of 40), asking:

“Why a contact imprint – why not some kind of photograph (or  supernaturally-generated photograph) that can/could produce an image across non-contact air gaps? Was  STURP  project-leader John Jackson too quick to dismiss out of hand the notion of imprinting via physical contact only? Was his model-building defective, and indeed, despite first appearances, less than scientific? Was John Jackson the right person to be heading up a supposedly scientific, wholly objective assessor/arbitrator  of the ‘authenticity’ of the TS – or someone pursuing his own religious agenda?

Change of plan: I’d originally intended to post Instalment 7 tomorrow, Thursday. But I need tomorrow to give a considered reply to an email from France regarding the manner in which the TS body image responds to 3D-rendering computer programs (on my list, naturally, as the subject of a future instalment).

On a different matter, it now seems abundantly clear that sindonology is scared stiff of the internet (as well it might be).  One has only to see the manner in which it is scarcely used – and more generally not used, except, that is,  for one-way, take-it-or-leave it communication.

Another brief digression:as noted a short while ago, this investigator/blogger has posted some 350 times on the subject of that ‘Dual Image Man of Turin’, the first at the tail end of 2011, it being, among other things (‘thermostencilling’ Model 1 with charcoal sensitizer)  a frosty response to the ENEA claims that a pulsed uv laser was needed to model the ‘supernatural’ body image.

What if a huge cyber warfare electromagnetic pulse were to wipe 349 of my postings off the internet? Which one would I most want to survive?

According to the WordPress hit meter, someone somewhere visiting this site yesterday (probably US-based) linked to this posting on my sciencebuzz site from October 2014. It describes a shortcut that I took straight from Model 2 (one step scorchimg from hot metal template) to current Model 10 (two stage flour imprinting/oven roasting).  Here’s a screen shot of the title page:

First Model 10, Oct 2014 sbuzz

Having re-read this posting, with what I maintain to be genuine model-building science – as distinct from the pseudoscience alluded to in the title of this current posting – where preconceptions are first prettified  and then served up as if science – then the above posting is without a doubt the one I’d want to survive. Just don’t ask why I bothered with Models 3-9 inclusive! That will remain my little secret…

Have decided on a strategy for responding to my French email. It’s taken a lot of searching through my image files to put together a dossier that says “Non, the 3D response of the TS body image to 3D-rendering computer software is NOT unique. It’s a feature common to all imprints (even some painted pictures!).

That started to become clear some 6 years ago when noting that the 1532 burn marks on the TS responded as well to ImageJ software as the body image itself!

The ludicrous overhyping of 3D, which continues to this day (as seen at Pasco), was to be part of this 40-point posting, without the prominence that it frankly no longer deserves, and that remains the case. Rather than bring it forward, I’ve hit on an alternative. The photo-archive will be posted to my sciencebuzz site, probably with a French language title in the next day or two. My respondent’s anonymity will be preserved until notified of the new posting…

Update: have just posted this my sciencebuzz site, which I hope will put an end to the ridiculous claims that the Shroud image possesses “unique 3D” properties (nothing could be further from then truth!):

sbuzz posting jan 18, 2018 french

Instalment 7: Friday Jan 19

We still hear the TS image routinely referred to as an “enigma”. Indeed, there’s a website called shroudenigma.com, owned by a key figure who probably did more than anyone else to popularise the ‘enigma’ idea back in the 70s, even before STURP put in its appearance. But is it an enigma?

Take a look at this portrayal of the Shroud dated 1608 (see Roman numerals at bottom). Would its first viewers have described the image you see as an “enigma”. If so, why? If not, what tag might they have chosen in its place?

shroud_souvenier

 

One can only guess as to the first things that would enter the heads of first-time viewers, whether modern or early 17th century.

I know what probably went through mine, many years, nay decades ago.

  1. The two figures are life-sized, apparently of a naked or near-naked man, and appear on a sheet of linen, NOT canvas stretched on a frame.
  2. The figure on the left is a front view, that on the right a rear view, so one is looking at both sides of the same man.
  3. The images were thus obtained  (or made to seem as if obtained) by enveloping the one man in the same up-and-over sheet of linen.
  4. There are fairly realistic-looking bloodstains in places that immediately tally with that of the crucified Jesus, e.g. at or close to one hand (from nail wound?), the head  (from a crown of thorns?, the side (from lance wound?). There are also what appear to be a vast number of scourge marks.
  5. This is not a painting in the ordinary sense, given the brutal in-your-face portrayal of the crucified founder of Christianity.  Yes, it is almost certainly a bodily imprint of the crucified Jesus, whether genuine or faked.
  6. The immediate impression  (no pun intended) of it being an imprint, not painting, is backed up by additional evidence: the uniform monochrome colour, suggestive maybe of ancient yellowed bodily sweat, the incomplete imaging, with many gaps, the absence of sides, even the merest hint of sides, and the peculiar tone-reversed character that is indicative of imaging via direct contact between body and cloth. (Our pre-photography 17th century viewer would have recognized the characteristics of a tone-reversed imprint when confronted with one, despite not having the terms “positive” versus “negative” in his or her vocabulary.
  7. So there would have been no rush to describe the image as an “enigma”, not if it was quickly or indeed immediately perceived as a whole body imprint. The mere presence alone of that seemingly imprinted blood would make it seem obvious that the body image had been imprinted too, probably in the first instance from an abundance of body sweat, the presence of which would not be unexpected from a newly-deceased highly stressed victim of  scourging and crucifixion.
  8. If the expensive herringbone weave is/was visible in the image, then a link would be made with Joseph of Arimathea’s “fine linen” (delivered the Gospels tell us first to the cross itself, not the tomb). That would immediately ring a bell: the legendary and much celebrated Veil of Veronica image was also an alleged sweat imprint onto a bystanders’s proferred cloth while Jesus was bearing his cross to the place of execution.

An analogous  whole body IMPRINT (in still-moist sweat and fairly fresh incompletely clotted-blood ) onto J of A’s linen might therefore be deemed wholly credible (or cleverly simulated by someone setting out to fake an apparent ‘holy relic’, and doing so by actual spare-no-effort IMPRINTING, NOT via conventional artistic daubing from a paint palette which would have been immediately detectable).

Even that infuriated Bishop Henri de Poitiers referred to the Lirey Shroud, making its first recorded appearance in the mid-14th century as “cunningly” painted. (Beware those who omit that crucial qualifying adjective from their dreary  ‘just-a-painting’ take on the Shroud body image).

In conclusion: NO, the Shroud would not have been tagged an “enigma”. There would and indeed was much speculation as to its genuineness, but few if any would have been in any doubt as to how the image was formed, whether onto J of A’s fine linen as genuine sweat and blood or as a modelled representation of that imagined image produced centuries later.

So why has modern man, or a sizeable contingent thereof, rushed to declare the above image an “enigma”? Why not a one-off curiosity, the product of direct imprinting, either with a natural imprinting medium like sweat, OR a cleverly contrived substitute that can be passed off centuries later as aged, yellowed sweat?

Incidentally, is there actual documentary evidence that 16th/17th century obeservers perceived the body image as one formed by sweat? Yes, there are at least two instances that can be cited…

More to follow tomorrow (Saturday)

 

Instalment 8: Saturday Jan 20

So how did the “enigma” tag come about? Why did not STURP (1978)  not examine in detail the centuries-old “sweat imprint” supposition first (whether a real or simulated sweat imprint) choosing instead to gloss over and become fixated with allegedly new modern insights?

Having read  John Heller’s 1982 book from cover to cover several times, detailing the influences that he and his fellow STURP team came under, ones that are apparent in the 1981 STURP Summary.

“We can conclude for now that the Shroud image is that of a real human form of a scourged, crucified man”

And you call that science?!!!!

There are two major ingredients to the late 70s/80s-onwards New Age thinking, kept alive by David Rolfe and many others similarly convinced, indeed fixated, by supposed Shroud authenticity, with a blind spot for ‘simulated sweat imprint’.

One is the input from pro-authenticity pathologist/coroner Robert Bucklin with that ‘autopsy’ of his conducted on a negative Shroud image – as if a real corpse. The other is the reception accorded to Bill Mottern’s VP-8 3D-renderings of the TS image, again enthusiastically set out in the Heller book.

Let’s deal with Robert Bucklin MD first:

Here’s a YouTube video- still captured from David Rolfe’s  celebrated “Silent Witness” documentary from 1977 or thereabouts showing Bucklin about his work, having spread out a  Shroud negative in a real autopsy room (how’s that for showbiz!) and writing an ‘official’ looking autopsy report in highly formal, indeed stilted language:

robert bucklin shroud autopsy

And here, from just a short while ago, is the  same TV documentary maker, now Editor of the BSTS Newsletter,  also owner of the ‘shroudenigma’ site (yes, that e-word again) displaying the same image in his local church, continuing to promote shroud authenticity with what can only be described as evangelical zeal:

rolfe image of robert bucklin shown at a Beaconsfield church

 

I’ve spoken before, several times, about that nonsensical, indeed risible so-called “autopsy”, which is NOT even based on a photograph of a corpse, but a photograph of an allegedly ‘enigmatic’ image of an alleged corpse acquired by means that are still unknown for certain, and the subject of much fevered imagination ( notably from a scientist-scolding TV documentary maker especially) but certainly not via modern photography. I’ve protested loudly at Bucklin’s references to “wounds”, puncture marks’, “abrasions”, “swellings” etc etc which are totally speculative, given there are none of those even in the image that was before him, once the blood or “blood” stains are erased from the picture. See this image I published back in 2013, with  (right) or without (left) the “blood”. Where are the wounds  from which ‘real'(?)  blood allegedly originated?

st-after-removal-of-blood-with-clone-tool-c1

 

Late corrective:  OK, so there’s a touch of artistic licence there. But I magnified the alleged ‘wound’ sites AND gave them extra contrast before deciding there was no evidence whatsoever of ‘wounds’ in the body image before deciding to erase the blood with a photoediting clone tool.  In any case, given the ‘blood before image’ mantra, how could there be any imaging of wounds that might lie UNDER the bloodstains if the wounds (damaged skin)  were imprinted or otherwise acquired AFTER the blood, as we’re told is the case?

That makes the entire autopsy exercise, billed as a detailed forensic examination by a world-class pathologist, a total waste of time from the word go, based as it was on bloodstains only that could have been painted ON TOP of an imprinting medium( flour, Model 10?) before pressing linen on top.  That chronology then  accounts for the   ‘blood-before-image’ appearance under a modern day microscope, reported by Heller and Adler after deploying their (otherwise ingenious) blood-digesting reagent..

How can one have an autopsy when there are no wounds, not even in an image that was NOT  even a modern-day photograph in the first instance? I’d put more trust in a dermatologist diagnosing a facial skin condition in  Da Vinci’s “Mona Lisa” than I would in Robert Bucklin’s so-called  forensic ‘autopsy’ on the Turin Shroud…

More to follow (maybe tomorrow, more likely Monday).

PS: Halleluja: I’m finally able, after 6 years of investigation via microscopy and model building, to reconcile the Walter McCrone claim for artist’s pigment (iron oxide) with my own Model 10 (flour imprinting).  How? By taking a closer look at a particular Mark Evans (STURP) photomicrograph, one I flagged up some years ago as contradicting the so-called ‘half-tone ‘ effect, now with some additional – but not obligatory – assistance from a controversial Windows 10 photoediting filter (“Zeke”) that is splendid at accentuating any ‘bittiness’ in an image (NO, not artefactual as some aggressive doubters once claimed early last year on another site).

Mid-region TS face (Shroud Scope, with added contrast), before v after Windows 10 Zeke filter. Note the interrupted pigmentation (whether real or apparent) in individual image fibres, better seen after Zeke, but also visible in places before.

 

Yes,  Walter McCrone was almost certainly right about the  seemingly microparticulate appearance of the image chromophore,  whether the result of solid particles or not, but probably wrong about the reasons! I hope to produce evidence in the fullness of time to back up the validity of my Model 10 (flour imprinting).

I fully expect sindonology to ignore it, as sindonology has ignored pretty well everything else I have published here and on other internet sites. Sindonology is essentially a closed shop (bar its periodic forays into the media with its latest ‘brainwave’, its latest tranche of pseudoscience).

Instalment 9, Sunday January 21

Here’s a real gem of an image which appeared in Thibault Heimburger’s critique of my Model 2 (direct scorching from a hot template).  (It appears at the point in his pdf , page 15/24, when he displays some of the photomicrographs obtained by STURP’s Mark Evans from the actual TS. This one is described as “body image”. It contains a hugely interesting, and I suspect scientifically  significant detail, one that  – being easily overlooked- is not commented upon in the pdf.)

Fig 20 from T Heim pdf scorch revis, screen grab no adj

 

Notice the ‘bitty’ appearance of the pigmentation in the image fibres, more easily visible in some rather than others?

As indicated, there’s a handy filter provided with Windows10 which calls itself “Zeke” which as indicated yesterday I’ve found  works well in in a purely operational sense  to accentuate  any “bittiness” in an image (but don’t ask me how it works!). Here’s the above image, before and after applying the Zeke filter.

Fig 20 from MEvans collection, pre v post Zeke

Here’s the Zeke image on its own (needing all the enlargement it can get on a webpage).

CROPPED ZEKE Fig 20 screen grab then magnify then grab top right cnr a 2nd time

What a pity Walter McCrone is no longer around to see the above image, and to hear my explanation – based on Model 10-  essentially unchanged since 2014/15,  for why it looks the way it does! Are you listening, all you pro-authenticity sindonologists? No, of course not… Perish the thought that any true-believer sindonologist would spare a second to hear a contrary view that fails to accord with their own ‘Enigma Variations’ (apologies to Edward Elgar).

Here’s a clue as to how Zeke works (though much more needs to be done):

 

dashes pre v post zeke showing a halo effect

One the left is  is a simple graphic constructed with MS Paint, showing coloured dashes against a yellow background. On the right is the same image after applying Zeke.

Note the white border on the left side becomes grey. Note how the yellow becomes a yellow-grey. But note also that the yellow-grey does not abut completely onto the dashes, which are now surrounded by a faint  ‘halo’ of the original yellow, maybe with a hint of grey only. In other words, Zeke creates an apparent highlighting halo by adding grey to general background,  probably the denser image too, but NOT around the immediate periphery of  the latter, in this case those simple dashes. In short, Zeke is in my view a valid photoediting tool, one that does not create image artefacts, one that merely creates a better contrast between image features and background, albeit via a rather clever indirect means that involves two-tone modulating of image-bordering background – not the image itself!

Instalment 10: Monday Jan 22

Here’s another test of Zeke, this time on a graphic with dots as well as dashes, unedited v default Zeke setting (mid-range 50/100) v max Zeke (100/100).

Graphic 2 plus 2 levels of Zeke, 50 and 100

The halo highlighting effect is again visible, scarcely so admittedly at the midrange Zeke setting (probably on account of my different choice of colours) but clearly so at the max value. But there’s another, second effect of Zeke that acts to increase contrast, namely a darkened outline to each of the dots (missed earlier through using dashes only, and more easily visible on a laptop screen directly than in my screenshots above). Zeke seems to operate via a dual action to increase contrast between a dark image and a lighter background – both edge-accentuation AND creation of pale surrounding halo! But it’s only emphasizing what’s already present – not adding any new image entities. As such, I consider it a valuable photoediting tool, at least while we are restricted to STURP’s 40 year old images (not counting the later  Halta Shroud 2.0 images downloadable to iPads which I personally cannot be bothered with, based on what one sees in the publicity handouts – clearly intended for the mass market, not serious image-investigators).

I shall spend the rest of the day doing two things:

1. Testing Zeke against more of Mark Evans TS body image photomicrographs across the whole range of slider settings (0-100)

2. Attempting to track down some of Walter McCrone’s photomicrographs of body image, the ones he claimed to be inorganic paint pigment, despite Heller and Adler’s bleaching result with either diimide or alkaline hydrogen peroxide. So far I’ve had no luck whatsoever in finding a single McCrone image (except for one on “blood”, similarly claimed to be entirely inorganic)  despite trawling through any number of Google image files, which frankly I consider amazing, considering his surviving research institute continues to promote his 1978 claims (and there are no relevant images on that site either, despite the margin tab labelled ‘Shroud of Turin’).

I’ll only report back later today if I find anything of interest, better still, of likely or even possible scientific significance.

Oh dear, 40 years post-STURP, sindonology is still such a barren desert, offering little more than sightings of this or that on the far horizon, probably mirages in most instances. Where’s the real science for heaven’s sake?

Let’s not beat about the bush. There’s essentially zero interest these days in real scientific research where the TS concerned (not that there’e been anything significant these last 40 years since STURP scratched the surface).

Yup, my Model 10 – with its lowly flour imprinting  and oven (or open-fire) roasting – is not the answer anyone wanted – even me if I’m honest. Why? Because it’s neither supernatural, nor scientifically gee whizz! It’s just an adaptation of  homely bread baking technology. It tends to elicit the comment: “Er, is that it, then?”

It was the same 18 months ago when I delivered my conclusions on Stonehenge. When folk have been told constantly from the age of 6 that is was a Neolithic astronomical observatory or prehistoric cathedral, they don’t want later to be told by a jumped-up science blogger that it was simply a giant bird perch, one which allowed inland gulls  (coaxed-in British ‘vultures’) to feel safe when pecking away at newly-deceased bodies (the first stage of ritual excarnation, aka ‘sky burial’, followed by much simpler cremation of largely de-fleshed bones).

dsc_20973

Still popular to this day with our feathered friends, if only as a perch (no longer a dinner table…)

 

See also: http://colinb-sciencebuzz.blogspot.co.uk/2016/05/its-time-to-get-real-about-stonehenge.html

https://sussingstonehenge.wordpress.com/2016/04/17/might-the-standing-stones-of-stonehenge-and-avebury-have-been-purpose-built-for-sky-burial-providing-a-secure-perch-for-crows-or-maybe-seagulls-to-roost-or-nest/

 

Late insertion (March 2)red font to distinguish from what was penned a while ago:

Have just concluded my current posting on that other site of mine with the following:

Here’s the link to a site called “25 Greatest Unsolved Mysteries Ever”.

Stonehenge is No.12 in the list.  Here’s the accompanying photo. Please observe the caption!

Stonehenge No 12 on Greatest Mysteries site

Please sir, please sir. I know why!

birds on lintels

 

Oh, and I have a solution for the Turin Shroud as well (No.11 in that “Unsolved” Mystery list). Shame that the world (or at any rate, the blogosphere) is indifferent to solutions that do not accord with long-held preconceptions!

Half the fun of science is to watch one’s own or other folks’ preconceptions turn into Sir Kenneth Clark’s “dissolving perspectives”,  the process starting almost immediately after starting afresh with a blank sheet of paper and “unthinkable imaginings” (aka scientific hypotheses for the testing thereof)!

It’s not hard to see why scientists are so unpopular, at least in the UK (I can’t speak for the ROTW) , treated in the media and elsewhere as if they don’t exist. (Like when did you ever see a scientist in the story line of  UK TV soap, making even a fleeting appearance?)

So what’s the point of my updating this summary of my own 6 years of research when there’s little or no sign of anyone taking the least bit of interest?

Why set myself these demanding time schedules for researching or writing this or that? Answer – none whatsoever. Sindonology is a secret garden, interested only in fashioning and evangelizing its own own publicity handouts, being not in the least bit interested, indeed, one suspects  fearful and/or resentful,  of genuine curiosity-driven research.

I said there would be 40 instalments to this current posting, and indeed hope and expect to deliver those in time. But the initial idea of delivering in daily instalments no longer makes any sense at all. I’ll now interleave research and reporting on a time scale that suits my own leisurely retired lifestyle.

The next 30 or so instalments may take a while to arrive – weeks, months,  years even. Hopefully I’ll get an opportunity at some point to view the TS with my own eyes, preferably with the lid of the protective chamber opened, preferably with a hand lens – or better still,  a customized, minimally-destructive research tool that is more diagnostic as to how the image was formed.

But I’m not banking on it. Sindonology only survives thanks to its careful cultivation of the notion of mystery , protected as ever by its carefully maintained veil of secrecy…

If I had to summarize sindonology in a few words (the sort that promotes authenticity, whether subtly or forcefully) it would be “wishful thinking dressed up as solid science”.

It’s the dressing-up this science blogger objects to. Science has enough difficulty as it is in getting its voice heard, much less respected, without chancers  (photographers, engineers, lawyers, TV documentary makers, clerics  etc) periodically popping in, adopting the disguise of “scientists”.

It generally takes a minimum of 3 years  to train up a research scientist via a postgraduate doctoral program in order to progress to  becoming a professional researcher, capable of working without supervision.  Those of us who have undergone that training ourselves,  and later, having supervised pre-doctoral researchers AND examined doctoral candidates in their final “viva voce” exams  know why! Many fall by the wayside…

So please don’t expect any more additions  to this posting for some time.   Having said that, comments are, as ever,  both invited and welcome, whether opposed to authenticity or not.

Au revoir  (“till we meet again”)  as our politely non-dismissive French neighbours would say.

Saturday 31st March 2018

Have just added this to the end of my Stonehenge/Silbury Hill site:

##########################

Things are really looking up on my Shroud of Turin site where clicks and visitors are concerned  (but then it is Easter!)

hits shroud of turin site easter sat 2018 march 31 1615

And it’s just late afternoon, with more than 7 hours to go to midnight!

Wish I could say the same for visits to this site. But when one is told, as was the case some 2 years ago, that the hypothesis unveiled was surely “tongue in cheek”, then it’s hardly surprising that one’s not getting the hits.

My views on the Shroud of Turin were similarly described as “surely tongue in cheek?” some 5 or 6 years ago. Those folk  are not saying that now,  and indeed have gone strangely silent.  Why? Because my Shroud views are now  backed up by intensive research, reported through some 350 online postings,  with new original findings …

That faint ‘enigmatic’ body image is almost certainly a Maillard reaction product (formed from an applied-to-human volunteer sugary/proteinaceous imprinting medium – probably white wheaten flour) NOT scorched cellulose!

How much longer before the world realizes the potency of the scientific method, starting from afresh with a blank sheet, and putting all the existing cosy, conventional thinking to one side?

Stonehenge was created in incremental instalments, spread over centuries, as a giant bird perchPeriod.  It was designed for pre-cremational processing of the dead, to avoid the horrors of attempting to cremate whole bodies with inadequate resources  (i.e. less-than-abundant supplies dry firewood etc). Period.

Come on world. Get real. Catch up with historical reality… Put yourself in the position of a Neolithic hunter-gather then pastoralist, then reverting when things got difficult, i.e., switching back and forth between the two lifestyles. One wants a permanent memento of the dear departed, a portable one (like cremated bones).  But one doesn’t want to cremate a whole body…   Go figure! Preliminary ‘sky burial’ ticks all the right  boxes…

April 15, 2018

It sometimes takes a little time for one’s myth-busting claims  not just to be accepted, but to become the new norm. Such is the case with my 32-year old paper on ‘enzyme-resistant starch’ (“RS”, aka RS3, man-made dietary fibre!). It didn’t just claim that RS in baked goods (bread, biscuits etc) comprised short-chain fragments of crystallized starch. It gave virtually unequivocal proof that RS was NOT the familiar retrograded long-chain amylose starch as pretty well everyone else at the time presumed (bar the editors of  the Journal of Cereal Science) ! It was a new crystalline SHORT CHAIN species!

That 1986 paper was referred to last year as “highly influential”, with 5 excerpts being quoted.

resistant starch highly infuential 1986 paper

Back in 1986 I was being peed upon by all and sundry from a great height, including a ‘Professor Big’ in starch chemistry as a Kelloggs Symposium!

Sunday 22nd April 2018

Barriers to uptake of new scientific ideas (via the 21st century internet especially!)

1. That Google so-called ‘search engine’ – artificial ventilator for e-commerce more like it, with Google taking a fat percentage. Lousy deal for blogs – failure to flag up headlines of new postings etc. Vicious circles re ranking – high ranking ensures more clicks – deserved or otherwise. Low ranking denies searchers under simple search term entries  (“Shroud of Turin”, Stonehenge” etc ) knowledge of new ideas. Google listings are for the most part mildly titillating, comfort-blanket, idea-stifling, pro commission-generating click-bait. Google and its ilk, mostly California-based, is putting the Enlightenment into reverse.

2. Social media – year-on-year dumbing down …

3. Antipathy of mass media towards science and scientists – unless conforming to stereotypes …

4. Vested interests pushing conventional views that serve own interests – ideological, commercial etc…

5. Inertia – old ideas get rooted.  New ideas instantly ridiculed. (Read James Watson’s stupendous ‘Double Helix’: see how genetic material was presumed for decades to be protein on scarcely any real evidence, merely a ridiculing of DNA with just 4 constituent bases (A,T,C,G) . Chargaff’s rules (purine = pyrimidines, A=T, C=G etc) dismissed). Old hands, old ideas loath to give up on their ‘expertise’, alleged not-to-be-questioned grasp of detail etc.

6. Failure of commenters on web forums to make URL links to unconventional ideas – suppression not dissemination being the byword. The ‘world of ideas’ scarcely exists on the internet – more the world of sniping and/or special pleading.

7. Perceived pecking orders – newcomers to longstanding ‘enigmas’ must learn their lowly place etc.

8. Vested interest in maintaining those silly-season enigmas largely intact, merely playing around the edges.

Saturday 28th April 2018

One’s patience with Google rankings is exhausted!

Google rankings will be placed under the microscope in the coming days and weeks!

Have already discovered that Google is not fit for purpose!

Expect new posting in a week or so, one that will not mince words, pull punches etc. Google is a total disgrace!

 

Monday 30th April, 2018:

Plans for my next posting – see above – are coming along apace. 

I shall list, and briefly summarize, the most recent Google rankings of sites under a (shroud of turin) search, probably the first 150 (Pages 1-15)  in reverse chronological order (150, 149, 148 etc).

There will be a few new ones added each day, optimistically 10 at a time.

Each entry will have a brief comment from myself on whether or not it deserves to be there.  (Believe me, there are plenty that do NOT –  e.g blatant advertisements for commercial sites etc).

Along the way I intend to insert a bogus entry  or two – ones  that you won’t find  under a real (shroud of turin) search  –  and then ask WHY!  (I’ll say WHICH later…).

Yes, I am now going into an entirely new and different mode.

I shall be asking why and HOW the major search engine is effectively suppressing new ideas –  including those that have been around on the internet for well over 2 and more years, voiced repeatedly on this and OTHER sites.

Clue: the key words to look for, in abbreviated form, will be “SSI”.

So what is going on?

I say there is something rank and rotten in the state of Denmark, California… (apologies to William Shakespeare).

Something needs to be done, this side of The Pond…

California cannot be allowed to rule the world (of  Global Free Speech that is ), tainted as it is with its $elf-enriching commercial or other -even murkier – considerations …

One needs VALUES in everyday life – clearly displayed for all to see! It’s values that keep the world progressing, not slipping back…

My older brother is  a naturalised American, previously California-based, and I still have family there.

I am not anti-Californian per se, merely anti the so-called Internet Giants that have based themselves there – with  their appalling standards of business conduct.

They need speedy reform, failing which they should be banned  from our standards-driven part of the world or locally broken up, at least from the UK and the EU…

I’ve been saying as much for well over 2 years…

 

 

 

 

 

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About Colin Berry

Retired science bod, previous research interests: phototherapy of neonatal jaundice, membrane influences on microsomal UDP-glucuronyltransferase, defective bilirubin and xenobiotic conjugation and hepatic excretion, dietary fibre and resistant starch.
This entry was posted in contact imprint, latest research,, new theory, sweat imprint, Turin Shroud, Shroud of Turin and tagged . Bookmark the permalink.

22 Responses to How 40 years of pseudoscience and digital tomfoolery deftly morphed an imaginative 14th century modelling of Joseph of Arimathea’s up-and-over ‘fine linen’ sheet (probably intended only for dignified ‘body bag’ transport from cross to tomb) into a dual-purpose ‘burial shroud’. Why? Because it allowed a ‘faked’ semi-credible imprint in sweat and blood to be reborn and trumpeted as a supposedly enigmatic ‘selfie’ snapshot captured supernaturally (natch) via ‘resurrectional incandescence’ TWO DAYS later!

  1. Agnieszka Jaworowska says:

    Max-patrick Hamon, told me via email, he has refined his reasearch paper abstract. here it i:

    TURIN SHROUD: LONG-HIDDEN THIRD SIDE OF ‘COIN(S)-OVER-EYE(S)’ ISSUE
    By Max Patrick HAMON

    If the Devil is in the details, then Divine Providence is in the enhanced magnified minutiae as many revelators of the real thing hidden in plain sight

    Ephrâym ravo o ahad m-aouphry lé-apharym, (« Nombreux [ils sont ceux-là allant devant eux] un bandeau sur les yeux mais un seul [(allant au-devant de lui-même)] à franchir l’étape qui mène à [la Terre de Promission et ses] verts pâturages »)

    This research article aims at helping the reader assess as objectively as possible our finding and judge for herself or himself. It presents a ‘flash (meta)analysis’ of past (mis)observations-(mis)interpretations of remnants of minute transfer stain patterns on the Turin Shroud (TS) orbital image area along with minutiae-observation, -detection, -extraction, -identification, and final -matching of the said remnants with two Roman prefectoral small bronze coin obverses by means of a photographic eidomatic numismatic (PhEiNm) reading grid based on archaeological stain pattern analysis and dactyloscopic technique applied to incomplete coin prints. The Shroud right and left eyes plus left eyebrow arch images are compared and cryptanalyzed from 1st, 2nd, and even 3rd generation high quality copies of 1898 Pia, 1931 Enrie, 1969 Judica-Cordiglia, 1978 Miller, 1997-2000-2002 Durante Shroud original photographs made according to three different photographic procedures, namely orthochromatic, traditional silver, and extensive digital

  2. Max Patrick Hamon says:

    TURIN SHROUD:
    LONG-HIDDEN THIRD SIDE OF ‘COIN(S)-OVER-EYE(S)’ ISSUE
    By Max Patrick HAMON

    Ephrâym ravo o ahad m-aouphry lé-apharym, (Nombreux [ils sont ceux-là allant devant eux] un bandeau sur les yeux mais un seul [(allant au-devant de lui-même)] à franchir l’étape qui mène à [la Terre de Promission et ses] verts pâturages])
    This research article aims at helping the reader assess as objectively as possible our finding and judge for herself or himself. It presents a ‘flash (meta)analysis’ of past misobservations-misinterpretations of remnants of minute transfer stain patterns on the Turin Shroud (TS) orbital image area along with minutiae-observation, -detection, -extraction, -identification, and final -matching of the said remnants with two Roman prefectoral small bronze coin obverses by means of a photographic eidomatic numismatic (PhEiNm) reading grid based on archaeological stain pattern analysis and dactyloscopic technique applied to incomplete coin prints
    How come remnants of Roman prefectoral coin patterns ‘invisible to the layman’s naked eye’ and/or thought to be allegedly ‘mere pareidoliae’ (optical illusions) by sceptic and arch-sceptic Shroud researchers and scholars, can be “clearly visible” and “really there” to this old-school cryptologist? What are the pieces of crucial indirect and direct evidence that gain his final support and allow him to be so confident and assertive in the 2010s when, in 2004, he approached the intriguing ‘coin(s)-over-eye(s)’problem with initial scepticism?
    Had he been a ‘new school’ cryptologist, and coin print verification/authentication a most important forensic numismatic technique for coin identification, in this research article, he would have described the design and implementation of a prototype automatic Comparison-Identification-Authentication (C.I.A) system that could have used reference coin to authenticate the remnants of coin patterns embedded in receiving surface image background noise. He would have developed minutiae-extraction algorithm of his own and have proposed an alignment-based minutiae-matching algorithm capable of finding in a split second the correspondences between the Turin Shroud man’s eye image input minutiae and ancient coin stored referential template without resorting to exhaustive search; an algorithm that would have had the ability to compensate adaptively for the nonlinear deformations and inexact transformations between an input and a referential template. Yes I guess he would have. However he is just a much too ‘old school’ cryptologist to think such a “numismametric device” could ever be full proof of genuine yet incomplete ancient coin pattern recognition failures and incorrect matches. And no, he will not let ‘Myster Robot’ have the final say in the TS-remnants-of-intriguing-patterns expertise and will instead recur to a more manual or ‘hybrid’ PhEiNm reading grid based on archaeological stain pattern analysis and dactyloscopic technique applied to Roman prefectoral and procuratoral small bronze coin incomplete prints (“good old brand-new rigorous methodology” as he uses to call it).
    At this pre-stage of our demonstration, could our dear reader please bear also in mind that to some extent sooner or later, all experts are victims of false positives (they think they see significant patterns that are not really there in data) or/and false negatives (they think they don’t see significant patterns that are really there in data), let alone misreading due to really significant yet ambiguous patterns, poor quality or much damaged documents, inappropriate tools, biased material, inter-subjectivity and the like. Sight-and-brain misperceptions are well known as confirmation or confirmatory biases of researchers’ pet theories (as the best rhetorical explanations of the future, present or events past) or much less known as ‘disconfirmation or systematic denial biases’ of others’ pet theories. Among scholars and strivers, this quester belongs to ‘the happy few’ indeed as he is not so much socially and psychologically hardwired and can seek information no matter on which side of the Shroud authenticity the coin may fall

  3. Agnieszka Jaworowska says:

    I just received an email from Max Patrick Hamon. He told me I had posted the first page of his first draft as is instead of that of his second version. Here is the revised version:

    TURIN SHROUD:
    LONG-HIDDEN THIRD SIDE OF ‘COIN(S)-OVER-EYE(S)’ ISSUE
    By Max Patrick HAMON

    Ephrâym ravo o ahad m-aouphrym lé-apharym (Traduction : « Ils sont nombreux ceux-là [allant devant eux] un bandeau sur les yeux et un seul à passer les étroits rubans [des défilés désertiques] pour atteindre le camaïeux des verts pâturages [de la Terre de Promission] »)

    This research article aims at helping the reader assess as objectively as possible our finding and judge for herself or himself. It presents a ‘flash (meta)analysis’ of past misobservations-misinterpretations of remnants of intriguing minute transfer stain patterns on the Turin Shroud (TS) orbital image area along with minutiae-observation, -detection, -extraction, -identification and final -matching of the said remnants with two Pilate small bronze coin obverses by means of a photographic eidomatic numismatic (PhEiNm) reading grid based on bloodstain pattern analysis and dactyloscopic technique applied to incomplete coin prints

    How come remnants of Pilate coin patterns ‘invisible to the layman’s naked eye’ and/or thought to be allegedly ‘mere pareidoliae’ (optical illusions) by sceptic and arch-sceptic Shroud researchers and scholars, can be “clearly visible” and “really there” to this old-school cryptologist*? What are the pieces of crucial indirect and direct evidence that gain his final support and allow him to be so confident and assertive in the 2010s when, in 2004, he approached the intriguing ‘coin(s)-over-eye(s)’problem with initial scepticism?

    Had he been a ‘new school’ cryptologist, and coin print verification/authentication a most important forensic numismatic technique for coin identification, in this research article, he would have described the design and implementation of a prototype automatic Comparison-Identification-Authentication (C.I.A) system that could have used reference coin to authenticate the remnants of coin patterns embedded in receiving surface image background noise. He would have developed minutiae-extraction algorithm of his own and have proposed an alignment-based minutiae-matching algorithm capable of finding in a split second the correspondences between the Turin Shroud man’s eye image input minutiae and ancient coin stored referential template without resorting to exhaustive search; an algorithm that would have had the ability to compensate adaptively for the nonlinear deformations and inexact transformations between an input and a referential template. Yes he guesses he would have. However he is just a much too ‘old school’ cryptologist to think such a “numismametric device” could ever be full proof of genuine coin pattern recognition failures and incorrect matches. And no, he will not let ‘Myster Robot’ have the final say in the TS-remnants-of-intriguing-patterns expertise and will instead recur to a more manual or ‘hybrid’ PhEiNm reading grid based on blood pattern analysis and dactyloscopic technique applied to incomplete coin prints (“good old brand-new rigorous methodology” as he uses to call it).

    At this pre-stage of our demonstration, could our dear reader please bear also in mind that to some extent most if not all experts think they see significant patterns that are not really there (false positives) or/and think they don’t see significant patterns that are really there (false negatives) in data (let alone misreading due to really significant yet ambiguous patterns). Their respective sight-and-brain misperceptions are well known as confirmation or confirmatory biases of their own pet theories (as the best rhetorical explanations of the future, present or events past) or much less known as ‘disconfirmation or systematic denial biases’ of others’ pet theories. They are ‘the happy few’ indeed those among questers that are not so much socially and psychologically hardwired and can seek information no matter on which side of the Shroud authenticity the coin may fall

  4. Agnieszka Jaworowska says:

    Typo: “matching of THE SAID REMNANTS WITH two Pilate small bronze coin obverses by means of a photographic eidomatic numismatic (PhEiNm.) reading grid”

  5. Agnieszka Jaworowska says:

    COMING SOON!

    TURIN SHROUD:
    LONG-HIDDEN THIRD SIDE OF ‘COIN(S)-OVER-EYE(S)’ ISSUE
    By Max Patrick HAMON

    If a picture is worth a thousand words, a few well-chosen accompanying words and sub-pictures can also be of some help .
    This research article aims at helping the reader assess as objectively as possible our finding and judge for herself or himself. It presents a ‘flash (meta)analysis’ of past misobservations-misinterpretations of remnants of intriguing minute transfer stain patterns on the Turin Shroud (TS) orbital image area along with minutiae-observation, -detection, -extraction, -identification and final -matching of two Pilate small bronze coin obverses by means of a photographic eidomatic numismatic (PhEiNm.) reading grid based on bloodstain pattern analysis and dactyloscopy (the science of fingerprint identification)

    How come remnants of Pilate coin patterns ‘invisible to the layman’s naked eye’ and/or thought to be allegedly ‘mere pareidoliae’ (optical illusions) by sceptic and arch-sceptic Shroud researchers and scholars, can be “clearly visible” and “really there” to this old-school cryptologist* though I myself approached the ‘coin(s)-over-eye(s)’ problem with initial scepticism in 2004? What are the pieces of crucial indirect direct evidence that gain my final support and allow me to be so confident and assertive?
    Had I not been an ‘old school’ cryptologist, and coin print verification/authentication a most important forensic numismatic technique for coin identification, in this research article, I would have described the design and implementation of a prototype automatic Comparison-Identification-Authentication (C.I.A) system that could have used reference coin to authenticate the remnants of coin patterns embedded in receiving surface image background noise. I would have developed minutiae-extraction algorithm of my own and have proposed an alignment-based minutiae-matching algorithm capable of finding in a split second the correspondences between the Turin Shroud man’s eye image input minutiae and ancient coin stored referential template without resorting to exhaustive search; an algorithm that would have had the ability to compensate adaptively for the nonlinear deformations and inexact transformations between an input and a referential template. Yes I guess I would have. However I am just a much too ‘old school’ cryptologist to think such a “numismametric device” could ever be full proof of genuine coin pattern recognition failures and incorrect matches. And no, I will not let ‘Myster Robot’ have the final say in the TS-remnants-of-intriguing-patterns expertise and will instead recur to a more manual or ‘hybrid’ PhEiNm. reading grid based on blood pattern analysis and dactyloscopic technique.
    Dear reader, at this pre-stage of our demonstration, please bear in mind that to some extent most if not all experts think they see significant patterns that are not really there (false positives) or else think they don’t see significant patterns that are really there (false negatives) in data (let alone misreading due to really significant yet ambiguous patterns). Their respective sight-and-brain misperceptions are well known as confirmation or confirmatory bias of their own pet theories (as the best rhetorical explanations of the future, present or events past) or much less known as ‘denial bias’ of others’ pet theories. They are ‘the happy few’ indeed those among researchers that are not so much socially and psychologically hardwired and can seek information no matter on which side of the coin the truth may fall

  6. Colin Berry says:

    Here’s the comment I’ve just left on my other site:

    Have decided the time has come for a change of site title, flagging up the conclusions of my 6 years of research.

    Previously it was “Sussing out Stonehenge – and Silbury Hill too!”

    It’s now “Stonehenge was built as a giant bird perch (for pre-cremation ‘sky burial’!). Forget all the fanciful stuff about winter solstice celebrations!”.

    https://sussingstonehenge.wordpress.com/2018/03/12/to-understand-the-real-purpose-of-stonehenge-5000-years-ago-try-looking-at-if-from-a-hungry-birds-eye-view/

    So there!

    Never let it be said that this blogger is a one-trick pony!

  7. Colin Berry says:

    One can tell it’s not long to Easter! How?

    This site had started slipping rapidly down Google rankings a week or two ago, under a simple (shroud of turin) search, first from Page 5/6, then a sudden drop to 9/10. It’s now disappeared altogether, at least from the first 15 or so pages, its place taken by touristy stuff for Turin, the usual pro-authenticity propaganda via press-releases, plus older agenda-pushing stuff that one thought had finally disappeared from view months ago.

    What’s the process at work, such that sites like mine that have amassed hundreds of postings over the last 6 years, that routinely get 40 to 50 visits per day can disappear from an ‘All Time’ search (which one would have expected to give fairly stable returns, compared with ‘Past Week’, ‘Past Month’, ‘Past Year’ filters etc.

    One can but speculate. Google itself is not beyond doing a bit of curation, aka window-dressing on the initial returns from its algorithm that’s supposed to look for objective evidence of ‘clout’ via links, visits etc. Then there’s those SEOs (search engine optimisers) who promote certain sites via fair means or foul, pushing ones like this one clean off the listings. Maybe when Easter comes around (prime time needless to say for the TS), both get busy simultaneously, the curators AND the ranking manipulators.

    The sooner the world’s ‘favourite search engine’ gets given a strict code of practice with rigorous self-policing, the better. In the meantime, it should be banned from describing itself as an ‘engine’, suggesting its rankings are entirely the product of electronic computer programming and/or immune from outside interference.

    Postscript: March 14: Halleluja! This site has returned to Google listings under (shroud of turin). It’s nothing to get excited about (last entry on Page 9 of listings) but it’s better than being totally left off as has been the case these last few days. I still say it’s time Google put its house in order…

  8. Colin Berry says:

    Visits to this site have really been looking up of late, typically 50 or so per day, since I ceased updating the most recent posting. (OK I can take a hint!).

    Maybe I could slip in an update via my own otherwise silent-as-a-grave Comments without scaring off visitors.

    I said I would be returning to research from time to time. Tomorrow I shall return to the matter of imaging via contact-imprinting the ‘awkward’ face ( awkward that is on account of the angularity – the nose especially).

    I’ll be deploying various strategies, probably most if not all of which involving applying strong nose-flattening pressure to the flour-coated face when imprinting onto linen, AND maybe with a little selective wiping-off of flour before imprinting.

    I may (or may not) decide to post the results as a new posting, abandoning the original plan to set out 40 points on this one. It pays sometimes to take a break, to sit back and reflect, to take stock, if necessary modifying one’s initial plans. That’s what the Turin authorities and radiocarbon daters did shortly before 1988, now being slandered on the BSTS site by its new Editor for departing, shock horror, from a pre-agreed protocol. No, the Mark 1 (ill-considered in my view) protocol was amended (and slimmed down) ahead of the dating. There was no wild cat departure from agreed protocols during the sampling and dating itself, at least that I’m aware of.

    The line being taken by that new Editor, hinting as he does at behind-the-scene shenanigans, is frankly a character smear. I dissociate myself entirely from the line he’s putting out – on that and a number of other things. His so-called web forum, whether (temporarily) open or closed, is proving a non-event …

  9. Colin Berry says:

    Regulars to this site will be aware that this retired scientist/blogger has a second long-term interest, in Stonehenge and other Neolithic additions and modifications to the UK landscape, This morning I’ve suggested what I believe to be an entirely new idea as regards the alignment of Stonehenge, with access points on the NE-facing side (give or take!). It’s nothing to do with lining up with the passage of the Sun or those solstices, whether summer or winter. Sir Kenneth Clark in his TV “Civilisation” series conjured up the right phrase (“full of false turnings, and dissolving perspectives”) to sum up that fanciful 18th century brainwave from William Stukely, one that’s hung around for far too long.

    I say the alignment is to do with the UK’s prevailing winds, being south-westerlies off the Atlantic. The original causewayed enclosures with their earth or chalk banks functioned primarily as WINDBREAKS!

    Best not to ask what Stonehenge was really for … though that beaked sarsen (so-called) Heel Stone may provide a likely clue …

    (The windbreak suggestion has been tacked onto the end of the current posting that was initially intended to address other matters, like the so-called Heel Stone shaped like the head of a beaked (?) creature, possibly a bird (?). It will get a posting to itself in the fullness of time.).

    PS (added March 16): And here’s a comment I have just this minute placed on my Stonehenge/Silbury Hill site, addressed to Neil Wiseman (I start by quoting part of a dismissive comment he posted to my site)

    “Basically what I’m seeing is that you looked at Stonehenge and said: “Hey! Bird Perches!” Then you cooked up an idea to support the idea. They way things are done in reality is to look at every shred of available evidence Then cook up a theory. This is called the scientific method and is why ideas about the origin and purpose of Anything morphs over time based on new evidence.”

    Thanks for reminding this retired science bod (“sciencebod” being the alter ego I adopted when setting up my sciencebuzz site in 2009) how the scientific method operates. How silly of me to have allowed Stonehenge to induce amnesia or worse regarding my pre-retirement professional background as a career biomedical er, scientist!

    Thanks also for providing the subject of my next posting – a watch-the-minute-hand-of-the-clock account of how I finally after some 4 years deliberation arrived at the ‘bird perch’ model, which I now believe to be the real and essentially complete explanation for Stonehenge’s peculiar architecture (quite un-temple like, indeed unlike anything elsewhere in the whole wide world, though dolmens, Seahenge, Silbury Hill and places further afield – Anatolia, Golan Heights etc, provide clues!).

    You may be in for a surprise, Neil, learning how an idea can form incrementally through some half dozen or more seemingly disjointed approaches, addressing this or that ‘side-issue’, but which gradually over the months and years gradually fuse and gel into one crushingly simple explanation that has curiously evaded pretty well everyone else up till now (we can examine the somewhat depressing reasons for that another time).

    Suffice it to say that your “Hey! Bird Perches” came somewhat late in the day, with no eureka moment that I recall. Indeed, I’m now kicking myself for not having sussed it out a lot sooner… But then I do have other interests (see my sciencebuzz site, my Shroud of Turin site etc ).

    Reply

  10. Cyd says:

    Another interesting thought – I was just thinking that it would probably be easier to UNscorch linen than to scorch it in a detailed pattern…reverse the process…or treat it in such a way that it would de-scorch itself…hmmm. That’s a VERY interesting idea. It would not surprise me to learn that it could do that…

    I often think that I could plant a scrap of linen and harvest flax the following year. It seems so alive…

  11. Cyd says:

    Just sitting here thinking about it – to “scorch” a piece of linen with that kind of detail – to reproduce that effect – it would have to be done in a flash hot enough to leave the impression without either burning through, burning the surrounding material or destroying whatever one was using to create the detail. Something…electrical. Something like lightening, but in the desired shape which isn’t even possible…is it? Or perhaps a torch so hot that it could instantly dry and scorch just that area with those details, in an instant. I don’t know. I would say that if it’s fake and if it is indeed scorched, then it was done by someone more intimately familiar with a currently unknown property of linen. It’s not conductive…but, of course, that doesn’t mean it couldn’t be MADE conductive…if you could displace the water and fill it with something else…which is an interesting thought, actually…though I’m not sure how you’d do it because where would you do it? In a vacuum? Water’s everywhere and it ADsorbs it – it practically calls out to it to come.

    I know these are all rather fanciful words I’m using but there aren’t any technical terms with which to describe the “oddness” of linen. Who has explored it, for its own sake? What living person? Other than myself, I know of no one. I’ve heard Eastern Europeans repeat things they’ve been told, but they don’t seem to understand what they say. As if just the words were passed down to them, without the understanding.

    It’s interesting, that’s for sure! I love linen. It’s like a mother. Next time you’re sick or someone you know is sick, wrap up or wrap them up in natural, unbleached, un-dyed linen. It will seem chilly for just a moment, but it will warm up to you almost instantly. As if it turns its attention to you and only you, regardless of the nature of the environment. Providing or removing moisture, as needed. Warming or cooling, as needed. I sleep with nothing but a quite thin linen sheet, summer and winter both. It can fix a deep chill or a hot flash, equally. It’s quite remarkable.

    • Colin Berry says:

      Yes, you’re right, Cyd. Linen is indeed a remarkable fabric, both as regards its ability to wick away surplus water, and never completely dry out. It’s also surprisingly resistant to direct scorching (being a highly endothermic process that takes a lot of heat out of hot metal in each pressing) which is why I finally dumped my Model 2 and settled on Model 10 (where it’s not the linen per se that is scorched, but an extraneous imprinting medium – wheat flour) which then appears to exude a straw- coloured liquid into the fabric that does not wash out.

      As regards the first of those (wicking action) I posted a simple video clip to YouTube in 2015 showing the incredible speed with which liquid water (as visible blue ink) shoots along the capillary channels in linen as seen under the microscope.

      Just don’t ask which capillary channels! That’s still a moot point, there being channels between threads, also channels between the scores of fibres within threads, and probably channels within individual fibres! Some or all may play a role in my Model 10 where I propose there’s a brief exudation of straw-coloured liquid from heated white flour (responsible for the ‘enigmatic’ TS body image ) which then penetrates the fibres and/or those alternative capillary channels of linen giving what might be termed a ‘pseudo-scorch’ but more accurately described as a stain!

  12. Cyd says:

    My other comment didn’t post so I will reiterate that I know nothing of the shroud but am quite familiar with the properties of linen and notice a glaring lack of reference to its relationship to water. Linen is wet. Always. Unless it is fired or otherwise artificially dried, it is wet. Even in the desert.

    Two extremely interesting properties are its constant rinsing of itself which will cause a stain to disappear, over time, without washing and if enough of a piece is exposed, will absolutely prevent it from molding. It breathes, literally. Constantly taking in moisture from the air and then expressing it.

    The other interesting property is how it responds to heat, which is completely different than cotton. To “burn” linen in the manner the shroud implies would require sustained heat because to scorch it, it must first be dried which is why using it to grab a hot pan will burn you. You’re protected from the surface but not from the steam. I’ve been burnt deeply, to a blister, both by taking hold of a hot pan with a linen towel and with a hot ember on an apron that burnt me very painfully without leaving any mark on the line, whatsoever.

    Linen is wet. Unless you’ve just taken it out of a hot dryer, it’s wet. There’s no getting around it. The fibers are full of water. Enough to steam and burn you, quite severely. At least, natural linen is. I don’t have much experience with bleached or dyed linen…

  13. Cyd says:

    I would also add that it is my belief that someone from that era almost certainly knew more about linen than modern man as they would have noticed its various properties, probably in far greater detail than we would, if for no other reason than the extremely limited variety of things available for exploration. Man is an explorer and linen is odd – seeming even “magical”, today – and would have almost certainly been explored to the extreme.

  14. Colin Berry says:

    Holding comment Steve. (Do you btw have your own blogsite? If not you should, given your refreshingly-original way with words).

    I’ve just this minute updated my Stonehenge blog site, after a lapse of close on 2 years, spent discussing that Shroud of Turin.

    https://sussingstonehenge.wordpress.com/2018/02/19/best-not-to-ask-what-stonehenge-was-really-for-though-that-beaked-sarsen-so-called-heel-stone-may-provide-a-likely-clue/

    Complete waste of time, that Shroud of Turin, given the internet/blogosphere has become a dead zone where that is concerned.

    I shan’t mince my words: I consider (a) Google, (b) Barrie M. Schwortz’s shroud.com site, (c) Wikipedia and (d) the BSTS Newsletter, under both new and previous editor largely responsible. Oh, and Bob Rucker’s / Mark Antonacci’s so-called “International” Shroud conference in Pasco, July last year.

    What we see is yawn-provoking distraction/obfuscation writ large…

    Nope, I’m not a conspiracy theorist. But if I were, I’d know where to start …

    • Steve Benko says:

      Quite flattering, thank you. No, I don’t blog myself — so many millions of bloggers, so few readers — but I am the nonpaid Limerick Laureate for the website wordsmith.org and its subscription service, “A Word A Day,” for which I’ve now written 900 limericks built around its daily vocabulary words. Many of my pieces are topical and political, others ribald, others make historical, artistic, or biblical references. Haven’t yet missed a day since I began doing it in January 2015 upon my retirement from a rapacious multinational corporation. Favorite topic of course Donald Trump, who mesmerizes, and makes life easy for, humorists worldwide with the endless daily supply of material he provides. None yet unfortunately on Stonehenge or the infamous shroud, the closest being this one on the word “myriad”:

      With Odysseus off at “The Iliad,”
      Penelope’s suitors were myriad.
      “No touching allowed
      Till I’m done with this shroud,”
      She announced, “End of story, guys. Period.”

  15. Steve Benko says:

    Is the sky burial idea necessarily inconsistent with the prehistoric cathedral idea? Wouldn’t one bury one’s royalty, presumed perhaps to be semi-divine figures in those times, in a sacred place much as Westminster Abbey is filled with tombs of the prominent? We know those stones were dragged hundreds of miles by hand over log rollers to the place, a process that could have taken decades and consumed untolled quantities of valuable labor, and that thousands of common people camped out annually nearby for lengthy solstice festivals while visitors came from as far as mainland Europe for healing purposes. It seems like the site must have been viewed with great reverence!

  16. Steve Benko says:

    Love your research and postings. It’s been a few years since I checked in, long enough that today was the first I’d read about Model 10/flour. Though you discount supernatural sources for the image, you do seem to allow for the slight possibility that the shroud actually did touch Jesus. That would still be pretty amazing. I know you’ve said you believe it to be a 14th century reproduction, which I agree with, but why are you not able to opine as to its date with more certainty given the carbon testing done in the 70’s? Thank if you choose to reply.

    • Colin Berry says:

      It’s good to have you back, Steve. Thanks for updating. (Model building is something that constantly moves on).

      There’s no easy answer to your question. Maybe I’m too accommodating to the various objections to the radiocarbon dating, maybe not.

      I shall deliberate for a day or two before getting back to you….

      • Colin Berry says:

        OK, having slept on it, I’ve come to a decision Steve. I was helped by recalling a series of articles I did for the Telegraph some years ago on the subject of the so-called “energy trilemma” (affordability, reliability, low carbon)

        http://colinb-sciencebuzz.blogspot.co.uk/2009/12/eon-energy-debate-london-dec3-2009.html

        Trilemma – a handy word for the Shroud of Turin debate! Radiocarbon dating is just one of three crucial topics, but one I personally don’t wish to be involved with, considering it to be a swamp, and a rank-smelling one at that, given the accusations flying around of rigged protocols, data manipulation etc.

        Nope, I prefer to focus on two other crucial and dare I suggest neglected aspects, preferring to breathe the clean air of transparent science.

        They are:

        1. the mechanism by which the ‘enigmatic’ body image was imprinted.

        2. The chemical nature of the straw-coloured image chromophore.

        My answer to both is simple and uncompromising:

        1. contact imprinting using white wheaten flour or something similar as imprinting medium followed by thermal colour development and final water-washing.

        2. high molecular weight melanoidins, either caramelization or Maillard (sugar/protein) condensation products, probably the latter.

        As for radiocarbon dating, I say this to those who whinge obsessively: if you don’t like the way it was done, then press for it to be repeated. Stop blackening the names of the 1988 participants with talk of the “politics”. It’s hardly Christian, is it?

        • Steve Benko says:

          Thank you so much for this and more generally for your persistent efforts. Your reference to the “swamp” of so-called controversy around carbon dating couldn’t help but bring to mind our President’s (I’m an American) promises to “drain the swamp,” which if he did, he quickly refilled with creatures from the black lagoon. Science deniers (of which he is one) can always find some nit to pick, as no methodology can ever be 100% perfect or result 100% conclusive, can it? We can’t absolutely prove that God didn’t plant dinosaur bones in the sediments as some sort of trick on our scientists; nor can we perfectly reproduce a Stradivarius violin, or mother’s milk for better infant formula, or for that matter grandma’s apple strudel if she didn’t tell us the recipe before passing on. There’s nothing unusual about that; reverse engineering has its limitations. Yet somehow these phenomena haven’t attracted cults claiming a divine miracle. (I’ve tried forming one around grandma’s strudel, but it simply didn’t catch on.)

  17. Colin Berry says:

    Have just posted this comment to another site.

    http://www.sarsen.org/2018/02/a303-tunnel-waste-plans.html

    (Shroud of Turin gets a brief mention, but the main focus is on my other interests, namely Neolithic Britain, Stonehenge and Silbury Hill especially):

    sciencebod10 February 2018 at 15:23

    “Oh dear. This site is turning out to be such a disappointment – so few comments, so little feedback, despite the informative and authoritative nature of Tim’s postings.

    Don’t get me started on some of the alternative sites – which invite comments, then tell one that the comment one has submitted must first be pre-moderated, that one is in a queue, but which finally never appears (with most other postings also devoid of any genuine-looking comments).

    There is much that is wrong right now as regards the received ‘wisdom’ regarding Stonehenge (read dogma) and stone circles, henges etc in general where the internet is concerned (I could say more, but will hold my tongue for now).

    It’s getting on for 2 years since I last posted on Stonehenge/Silbury Hill on my own two sites – some 20 postings in all between 2012 and 2016. None – and I repeat none – have been picked up by any number of those dubious sites – even on comments – this one excluded.

    There seems to be a deliberate attempt at message-suppression (to which this blogger is no stranger, having attempted to ‘tell it the way it is’
    regarding the supposedly ‘enigmatic’ Shroud of Turin these last 6 years!

    Any chance of a guest posting on this site, one that briefly summarizes my near certainty that our Neolithic ancestors set great store, as well they might, by preliminary AFS (avian-facilitated skeletonization) aka “sky burial” aka ‘defleshing’ aka excarnation as a preliminary to final bone cremation?

    Those massive sarsen lintels were the high point of AFS evolution and technology – monumental bird perches if the truth be told – designed to attract and retain the nearest the British Isles have to the Eurasian vulture – almost certainly the adaptable and voracious seagull!

    Sorry to keep banging on – but I have to say it again – the internet is not working as it should to disseminate new ideas. That’s thanks, I suspect, to vested interests of one sort or another… this site being mercifully free, if somewhat low profile right now , due one suspects to its emphasis on unadorned facts rather than bonkers (?)ideas…”

    Colin Berry (aka sciencebod)

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