Late addition (July 2019)
Please forgive this postscript, correction, “prescript”, correction, intrusion, added many years later – based on some 350 and more postings here and elsewhere.
That’s including some 7 years of my hands-on investigation into image-forming techniques, chosen to be credible with simple, indeed crude, medieval (14th century) technology etc etc.
(Oh, and yes, I accept the radiocarbon dating, despite it being restricted to a single non-random corner sample, making all the oh-so-dismissive, oh-so-derogatory statistics-based sniping totally irrelevant – a ranging shot being just that me dears- a single ranging shot, albeit subdivided into three for Arizona, Oxford and Zurich).
Sindonology (i.e. the “science” , read pseudoscience – of the so-called “Shroud ” of Turin) can be simply summed up. It’s a re-branding exercise, one designed to pretend that the prized Turin possession is not just J of A’s “fine linen”, described in the biblical account as used to transport a crucified body from cross to tomb.
Oh no, it goes further, much further, way way beyond the biblical account. How? By making out that it was the SAME linen as that described in the Gospel of John, deployed as final “burial clothes”. Thus the description “Shroud” for the Turin Linen, usually with the addition “burial shroud”. Why the elision of two different linens, deployed for entirely different purposes (transport first, then final interment)?
Go figure! Key words to consider are: authentic relic v manufactured medieval icon; mystique, peaceful death-repose, unlimited opportunity for proposing new and ever more improbable image-formation mechanisms etc. How much easier it is to attach the label “Holy” to Shroud if seen as final burial clothes, in final at-peace repose – prior to Resurrection- as distinct from a means of temporary swaying side-to-side transport in an improvised makeshift stretcher !
As I say, a rebranding exercise (transport to final burial shroud) and a very smart and subtle one at that . Not for nothing did that angry local Bishop of Troyes suddenly refer to a “sleight of hand” after allegedly accepting it when first displayed. Seems the script was altered, or as some might say, tampered with! It might also explain why there were two Lirey badges, not just one. Entire books could be written on which of the two came first… I think I know which, with its allusion (?) to the Veil of Veronica… yes, there are alternative views (the face above “SUAIRE” a visual link to the face-only display of the Linen as the “Image of Edessa” or as that on the then current “Shroud” per se.
Face shown (left) on mid- 14th century Machy Mould (recently discovered variant of the Lirey Pilgrim Badge) above the word “SUAIRE” (allegedly meaning “shroud”). Inset image on the right: one version among many of the fabled “Veil of Veronica” image. I say the two are related, and deliberately so, but this is not the time or place to go into detail.
No, NOT a resurrectional selfie, but instead a full size version of, wait for it, the legendary VEIL OF VERONICA , product of inital body contact – no air gaps- between body and fabric, but with one important difference. The Turin image was intended to look more realistic, less artistic.
How? By displaying a negative tone-reversed image implying IMPRINT (unless, that is, you’re a modern day sindonologist, in which case ‘resurrectional proto-photographic selfie” becomes the preferred, nay, vigorously proferred explanation assisted by unrestrained imagination, creation of endless pseudoscience etc etc, with resort to laser beams, corona discharges, nuclear physics, elementary particles, earthquakes etc etc – the list is seemingly endless!
Welcome to modern day sindonology.
Personally, I prefer no-nonsense feet-on-the-ground hypothesis-testing science, aided by lashings of, wait for it, plain down-to-earth common sense.
Start of posting:
Note added October 7, 2016
This posting from some 4 years ago is one of my most visited, and indeed I use it myself quite often when needing, as is often the case, to differentiate between blood and body image . (Elsewhere I have speculated on reasons why Mario Latendresse’s Shroud Scope image looks essentially monochrome – dare one say ‘washed-out’- which I attribute to someone having decreased image contrast, which Mario himself denies). However, the main reason for adding this preamble is to flag up my final model for the Shroud image. I believe it to be of medieval provenance, consistent with the radiocarbon dating (1260-1390), one produced by imprinting a whole man’s body onto wet linen using a simple but ingenious imprinting medium – vegetable oil and flour. (The subject is first smeared with oil, then dusted with white flour, then has wet linen pressed against his body contours). Here’s a recent result, using a 1/12th human scale plastic toy as subject, before and after 3D-rendering in ImageJ.
I’ll add an image of my hand later to show the method works with human skin, at least in principle. My wife has been spared the sight of naked male volunteers wandering round our living quarters thus far.
Here’s the original posting from 2012:
These images were all obtained using Shroud Scope, with subsequent colour enhancement in MS Picture Manager using the brightness/contrast adjustment ONLY.
In other words, no new colour bias was introduced, except through a standardised re-processing of the existing RGB values (see my previous post for details of how the optimised and STANDARDIZED settings were selected). No wisecracks please about rose-tinted spoectacles, even if the piccies do all have a rosey hue (which helps to differentiate blood from body image – or maybe just a side-effect).
I will insert the pictures first, and then add captions later at leisure. Most if not all should be instantly recognizable by those familiar with the Shroud image.
I am deliberately keeping this post free of my own interpretation aka deeply biased misjudgements, its purpose being to serve as a neutral resource for everyone’s use.
Click on any image to enlarge
18 images displayed so far. Two more still to be added for a nice round 20.
Now for the last two:
Technical postscript: all these pictures were obtained by loading Shroud Scope images into Microsoft Office Picture Manager, and resetting brightness/contrast/midrange values to -7/100/15 respectively.
Here is the process stepwise, going from default (0,0,0) to (0,100,0) to (-7,100,0) to (-7,100,15)
In other words, the major difference between these and the default-setting Shroud Scope images is down to use here of maximum contrast, the first step above, the rest being fine-tuning. Simply raising contrast to maximum setting reveals, unexpectedly perhaps, cryptic encoded information on colour differences between, say, skin, hair, blood etc. One might almost say that my off-the-shelf photo-editing package does for colour what ImageJ and other 3D-effect software (VP-8* etc) do for encoded information on topological relief, real or apparent. See my previous posting, Shroud Scope 9 in this series, for some more background.
Postscript added 12 Nov 2012: here’s another view of those crossed hands.
Would readers agree (one in particular!) that there is clear evidence of “tenting”, i.e. the linen has failed to make contact with those parts of the torso (notably the abdomen) that are in the vicinity of the crossed hands. What’s more there is evidence of tenting in the region where one hand crosses over another.
Update: 8th March 2017 (yup, not far short of 5 years since this posting!)
I’ve stumbled on an amazing image filter called ‘Zeke’ – a recent addition to Windows 10.
Rather than try to explain what it does (that can come later) let’s display some before-and-after Zeke results first, to allow you, dear reader, to judge for yourself.
First, let me say that I had re-enlisted onto the International Skeptics Forum site a week or so ago (it was formerly the James Randi Skeptics Forum) with a view to getting my current Model 10 (flour-imprinting) more widely known.
So here’s how my first release of the Zeke finding appeared on the internet:
Here’s a link to the comment in question (to save having to strain one’s eyes):
Let’s now patiently take each of the first 20 contrast-enhanced images in this posting, and show them before-v-after Windows 10 Zeke.
Here’s Fig 1 for starters. More will follow in due course:
Note the accentuation of PARTICULATE material on both body image and blood without, I repeat, WITHOUT introduction of artefacts!!!!
Update: March 9 2017
Here are two more images, needed here as halfway house for transplanting to another site (details later):
Haltadefinizione “reversed 3” bloodstain forehead, pre v post Zeke filter
Update 12th March 2017:
Here’s an image which will (probably) be the centre point of my next posting, since I suspect it will prove to be a game-changer (after first being overlooked by sindonology, Google e-commerce trade listings – oops, read “search engine”, etc etc for months, probably years!).
I’m only adding it here since I need a halfway house in order to post to another site (international skeptics forum).
These images were all obtained by inputting a Shroud Scope image into Microsoft Office Picture Manager and adjusting brightness/contrast ONLY.
All 5 controls were used , keeping the first 3 constant, but ringing the changes using the slider contol on the last two ONLY between 0, 100 and -100! In other words – discrete adjustment to a very limited range of settings.
Needed for that other site (!)